Topkapı Palace is located in a great location like Sarayburnu by Fatih Sultan Mehmet in 1478. It is a must-see place. It hosted the Ottoman sultans and the palace people until the middle of the 19th century. With the abolition of the sultanate in 1922, it was converted into a museum on 3 April 1924 by the order of Atatürk. However, it has never lost its importance in the previous period. Since the reign of Abdülmecit, Topkapı Palace was seen as a wonderful treasure, was shown to guests, and visited on special days.
Where does the name Topkapı come from?
When this palace was completed, Fatih Sultan Mehmet gave the name “Saray-ı Cedid” which means “New Palace”. The reason why the New Palace is called Topkapı Palace is; The name of this place was given to Topkapı due to the fact that “Topkapusu Beach Palace” was completely ash as a result of a fire during the reign of Sultan Mahmut I.
Ottoman philosophy and the relationship between Saray and tebba played a major role in determining the architecture of Topkapı Palace. It is also known that the Edirne Palace was inspired by its grandeur. Despite this, it is known for its simplicity, beauty and home to wonderful historical monuments that you will not see anywhere. The 16th century architect Mimar Sinan also built a section in this palace. The fact that it is located in the historical peninsula of Istanbul between the Marmara Sea, the Bosphorus and the Golden Horn and is intertwined with nature has brought a unique splendor.
If we look at the plan of Topkapı Palace:
It is separated from the land by the 1400-meter “Sur-ı Sultani” built by Fatih Sultan Mehmet and by the Byzantine walls from the sea. It contains many different sections. These departments are places where sultans, palace officials, state affairs or guests are hosted with different functions and locations.
In our opinion, the sections you need to go and see are: Bab-ı Hümayun (Gate of Sultanate), I. Avlu (Alay Square) and Babüs salam. In these sections, you can find the opportunity to take a closer look at the experiences in the Ottoman State. And don’t forget to look at the Divan Hümayun while you’re in Topkapı. Do not forget to stop by this amazingly magnificent and fascinating library, of which 500 are home to 14,000 rare buildings.
Imperial Treasury, European Porcelain and Glass, Copper and Tombak Kitchenware, Chinese and Japanese Porcelain, Silverware, Cardigan and Sacred Relics, Istanbul Glass and Porcelain, Sultan’s Dresses, Sultan portraits and painting collection, Guns You can see in Topkapı Palace are some of the many historical buildings.
Let’s talk about how we can get to Topkapı Palace. You can go to Kabataş from Taksim by Funicular and take the tram from Kabataş to Sultan Ahmet. You can also go to Eminönü by ferry from Kadıköy or Üsküdar and reach the tram with a short walk and get off at Sultan Ahmet stop. You can reach Bab-ı Hümayun, which is the entrance of Topkapı Palace, by going up from the left side of Hagia Sophia.
You can reach the museum ticket by visiting the website of Topkapı Palace. Anyone who is curious about Ottoman history and wants to learn should go and see it, breathe that air. The decision of many wars, the new laws were decided and this palace, which hosted the ambassadors, witnessed many events. And he kept it in his own body.